Historie – Otázky – Problémy

„Ad visitandumque sepulchrum sanctissimi regis Ladislai“. Varadínská svatyně v pozdním středověku

 

Abstract: At the end of the 11th century, Saint Ladislaus was one of the most distinguished monarchs of the Hungarian Árpád dynasty. Although he had already been canonized in 1192, the actual start of his cult dates back only to the 14th century. His cult was particularly supported by Louis the Great. By the 14th century, Ladislaus had become the chief patron saint of both the country and the reigning family. From the second half of that century, his figure appeared on the coins of the Hungarian kings as well. His tomb in Oradea/(Nagy)Várad gradually became the most significant place of worship and also a very popular destination of many pilgrims. It was Sigismund of Luxembourg who played a crucial role in the spread of the Saint’s cult and eventually was also buried in the cathedral of Oradea. Besides the relics of Ladislaus, other treasures have been preserved there: among others, the relic of Saint Sigismund, which was brought to Oradea during the first half of the 15th century from Prague.

Key words: Saint Ladislaus (the Hungarian King László I), The Arpad dynasty, Oradea, basilica, the saint?s relics, patron saint of the country, cult, pilgrimage, Sigismund of Luxembourg

Dr. habil. Tamás Fedeles, PhD., působí na univerzitě v Pécsi. Zabývá se středoevropskými dějinami středověku a raného novověku ( fedeles.tamas@pte.hu).