Historie – Otázky – Problémy

Bavarian, Prussian and French: Fear, Hope and Action. Relations between Occupying Troops and the Rural Population in Bohemia during the War of the Austrian Succession


Abstract: The relationship between the rural population of Bohemia and the occupying forces was, in comparison with previous military conflicts, during the wars of the Austrian Succession, quite complicated. Itincluded expectations (“abolition of statute labour”), various forms of cooperation (sale of food to the enemy, service in an invading army, collaboration of secret Protestants with Prussians), passive resistance (escapes into the woods, escapes of recruits) and minor forms of public hostility. These complicated reactions reflected the specific nature of this war, in which opposing armies presented themselves as legitimate armies of the landlords, but also followed their own specific interests. This is the explanation for their specific, often highly variable attitudes towards the serfs which began by promising the abolition of statute labour and ended in open violence.

Key words: 18th century, Bohemia, War of Austrian heritage, the relationship of troops and population

Prof. PhDr. Eduard Maur, CSc., přednáší na Ústavu historických věd Filozofické fakulty Univerzity Pardubice a na Ústavu českých dějin Filozofické fakulty Univerzity Karlovy v Praze. Zabývá se českými dějinami raného novověku, zvláště hospodářskými a sociálními, a historickou demografií (eduard.maur@ff.cuni.cz)