Historie – Otázky – Problémy

Catholic land patriotism of Harants time


Abstract: The study introduces its readers into issues connected with Czech Catholic patriotism at the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries, on the example of two distinguished prelates – the provost of the metropolitan chapter Jiří Barthold from Braitenberk, known as Pontanus (+1614), and the dean of the same chapter, Kašpar Arsenius from Radbuza (+1629). Both were authors of religious writings, with which they contributed to building the historical tradition of the Catholic religion in the Czech kingdom. Barthold from Braitenberk in his writings placed emphasis on the relationship between the country’s patron saints and the Czech statehood, especially on the role of St. Wenceslas. Arsenius from Radbuza encouraged and developed the cult of the Virgin Mary in Stará Boleslav, where a metallic relief of the Virgin and Child was preserved, which, at the beginning of the 17th century, came to be considered by the Catholic Church as a protective shield for the whole of the Czech kingdom (the so-called palladium of Stará Boleslav). It must be born in mind that the writings of both authors were created before the uprising of the Estates in 1618–1620, i.e. at a time when different confessions were still legal in the Czech lands and where only a minority of the population professed Catholicism. In any case, the writings of both prelates laid the foundations of a religion-based patriotism for the period following the suppression of the Estates’ uprising, when the country was subject to re-catholization.

Key words: Baroque, land patriotism, Catholicism, piety, cult of Virgin Mary

Doc. PhDr. Jiří Mikulec, CSc., vědecký pracovník Historického ústavu AV ČR, v. v. i., externě přednáší na FF UK a FF Univerzity Pardubice ( mikulec@hiu.cas.cz)